Design of Heat Exchanger for The Production of Synthesis Nio-Nanoparticles
The aim of this study is to analyze a heat exchanger in a NiO synthesis process using the sol-gel method. Calculation of the heat exchanger specifications obtained shell length of 0.889 mm, shell diameter of 0.03 mm, outer tube diameter of 0.0254 m, inner diameter of 0.023 mm, wall thickness of 0.000889 mm, tube length of 5.4864, and tube pitch 0.02778. Based on the calculations performed through Microsoft Excel, the results show that the heat exchanger design on the shell and tube that fits is a laminar flow type, with an effectiveness of 96.40%. Therefore, this heat exchanger with shell and tube one meets the requirements and standards based on effectiveness, but without the calculation of the fouling factor. Nevertheless, the results of this analysis can be used as a learning medium in the design process, heat exchanger performance analysis, and operating mechanism.