THE CLASSIFICATION OF TRADITIONAL TOOLS IN PAYO RICE FIELDS OF MELAYU JAMBI ETHNIC COMMUNITIES
Jambi Malay ethnic communities in the province of Jambi have livelihoods as farmers. In farming, they use the ways and tools of traditional. Farm tools of the Jambi Malay ethnic communities are the artifacts that need to be analyzed, scrutinized, and recorded as the corpus of the thinking and creativity of the community ancestor Jambi Malay. The aim of the research is classifying the traditional tools in farming system payo on Jambi Malay ethnic communities. The approach used in this study is the ethnographic and the methods used to obtain data is a research library, observation, and interviews. The research showed that Jambi Malay ethnic community uses traditional farming tools namely Parang Panjang, Kayu Pengait, Pangkur, Keruntung, Ambung, Tajak, Sabit, Kisaran, Nyiru, dan Tikar Rumbai. The Jambi Malay ethnic communities traditional tools classified into two major class i.e cutter (dynamic) and container (static) tools. Classification obtained is expected to motivate the holding of study, research, and comprehensive archiving of traditional agricultural tools of Jambi Malay ethnic communities as part of Indonesian culture artifacts.
Bachtiar, H.W. (1980). Pengamatan Sebagai Suatu Metode Penelitian. Dalam Koentjaraningrat. (Ed). Metode-Metode Penelitian Masyarakat (h. 137-158). Jakarta: PT Gramedia.
Badan Pusat Statistik. (2009). Retrieved from https://www.bps.go.id/ 2015/09/10/895/luas-lahan-sawah-menurut-provinsi-ha-2003-2015.html.
Eko, D. (2015). Ilmu Sosial dan Budaya Dasar (1st ed., p. 11). Bogor: Ghalia Indonesia.
Eva, Z., Nurbaiti, H., & Fetriatman. (1993). Kearifan Tradisional Masyarakat Pedesaan Dalam Pemeliharaan Lingkungan Hidup di Daerah Propinsi Jambi, Jambi: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
Ibrahim, B., Aminur, R., Kms. B. Rahman., (1990). Peralatan Produksi Tradisional dan Perkembangannya di Daerah Jambi, Jambi: Departemen dan Kebudayaan.
Izarwisma. M., Hilderia, S. Ed.). (1990). Isi dan Kelengkapan Rumah Tangga Tradisional Menurut Tujuan, Fungsi dan Kegunaan di Daerah Jambi, Jambi: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.
Koentjaraningrat. (1996). Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi, Jakarta: Rineka.
Copyright (c) 2019 Nurul Fadilah, Rini Maulina
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).