Fog Computing Architecture for Indoor Disaster Management

  • Asep Id Hadiana Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia
Keywords: Disaster management, Fog computing, MQTT


Most people spend their time indoors. Indoors have a higher complexity than outdoors. Moreover, today's building structures are increasingly sophisticated and complex, which can create problems when a disaster occurs in the room. Fire is one of the disasters that often occurs in a building. For that, we need disaster management that can minimize the risk of casualties. Disaster management with cloud computing has been extensively investigated in other studies. Traditional ways of centralizing data in the cloud are almost scalable as they cannot cater to many latency-critical IoT applications, and this results in too high network traffic when the number of objects and services increased. It will be especially problematic when in a disaster that requires a quick response. The Fog infrastructure is the beginning of the answer to such problems. This research started with an analysis of literature and hot topics related to fog computing and indoor disasters, which later became the basis for creating a fog computing-based architecture for indoor disasters. In this research, fog computing is used as the backbone in disaster management architecture in buildings. MQTT is used as a messaging protocol with the advantages of simplicity and speed. This research proposes a disaster architecture for indoor disasters, mainly fire disasters.

How to Cite
A. Hadiana, “Fog Computing Architecture for Indoor Disaster Management”, INJIISCOM, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 79-90, Dec. 2020.