Global Political Studies Journal 2023-07-28T08:47:48+07:00 Sylvia Octa Putri Open Journal Systems <table> <tbody> <tr> <td align="left" valign="top"> <p><strong>GLOBAL POLITICAL STUDIES JOURNAL</strong>&nbsp;</p> <p>is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published twice a year, every April and October. GPS Journal published by the Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Komputer Indonesia (UNIKOM). GPS Journal accepts both research and opinion articles. Theme and method might be various, which includes but is not limited to:</p> <ul> <li class="show">Foreign Policy and Diplomacy</li> <li class="show">International Political Economy and Multinational Corporations</li> <li class="show">International Security Studies</li> <li class="show">International Institutions</li> <li class="show">International Law</li> <li class="show">Environment and Climate Change</li> <li class="show">Gender in International Relations</li> <li class="show">Regional Studies</li> <li class="show">Conflict Resolutions</li> <li class="show">Transnational Movement and Globalization</li> </ul> </td> <td align="left" valign="top"> <p><span style="unicode-bidi: embed;"><img src="/public/site/images/dewitri/Vol._3_No_.1_April_2019_2.jpg" width="302" height="427"></span><span style="direction: rtl;">&nbsp; </span></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="2"> <p><a title="SINTA - Global Political Studies Journal" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Global Political Studies Journal Accreditations is SINTA 4</a>. Accreditation is valid for 5 (five) years, namely Volume 1 Number 2 April 2018&nbsp; until Volume 6 Number 1 April&nbsp; 2023.<br> Decree Number: 36/E/KPT/2019<br> Decree Title: Ranking of Accreditation for Scientific Journal Period VII 2019<br> Decree Date: December 13, 2019</p> <p><img style="width: 50%;" src="/public/site/images/sylvia/Sertifikat_Akreditasi_GPSJournal.jpg"></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <h3>Indexed by:</h3> <p><a href=";hl=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/dewitri/googlescholar1.png"></a> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/dewitri/garuda.png"></a> <a href=";name=&amp;oaboost=1&amp;newsearch=1&amp;refid=dcbasen" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/dewitri/06_base.png"></a><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/dewitri/crossref.png"></a><a href=";or_facet_source_title=jour.1379238" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img style="padding: 5px; width: 156px; border: 2px solid #dddddd; border-radius: 3px;" src="/public/site/images/admin/dimensions_400_1601.png" height="68"></a> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img style="padding: 5px; width: 200px; border: 2px solid #dddddd; border-radius: 3px; height: 68px;" src="/public/site/images/admin/images_sinta4.png"></a></p> Peran Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) pada Konflik Transnistria 2023-07-28T08:47:48+07:00 Arie Kusuma Paksi Muhammad Labib Ramadhani Andini Hayu Agus Putri <p><em>This paper attempts to explain what efforts have been made by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to deal with the conflicts that occurred in Transnistria. OSCE is an intergovernmental cooperation organization in the field of defense and security. Transnistria is a region in Moldova. The history of this conflict occurred at a time of weakening influence until the collapse of the power of the Soviet Union. Which after Moldova's independence there was a group that declared independence from Moldova and made the name of a new country with the name Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic or Transnistria. One of the triggers for this conflict is linguistic and cultural differences, where most Moldovan people are close to Romania while Transnistria is close to Slavic. This conflict caused many casualties, as well as ethnic and national sentiments from various groups. For this reason, OSCE, as the organization's defense and security organization, helps this conflict by carrying out several functions such as the Information function, regulatory function, and operational function.</em></p> <p><em><strong>Keywords</strong><strong> — </strong>OSCE, Conflict, Moldova, Transnistria</em></p> 2023-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Diplomasi Publik Korea Selatan Dalam Membina Hubungan Bilateral Dengan Korea Utara Tahun 2017-2020 2023-07-28T08:47:47+07:00 Felicia Tarida Asi Musa Maliki Garcia Krisnando Nathanael <p>This study discusses public diplomacy efforts undertaken by South Korea with the aim of reconciliation and fostering good bilateral relations with North Korea during the 2017 – 2020 period. To answer the problem formulation, the writer uses the concept of public diplomacy and multitrack diplomacy. The author uses a qualitative-descriptive research method and conducts a literature study on official government documents as a data collection technique. The results showed that there were three types of public diplomacy activities carried out by South Korea against North Korea during the 2017 – 2020 period. First, sports diplomacy efforts carried out by South Korea to North Korea were carried out through the holding of the 2018 Winter Olympics, the formation of a joint demonstration team taekwondo, organizing inter-Korean basketball matches, and establishing a joint Korean sports team for international matches. Second, the cultural diplomacy efforts carried out were the holding of the “Spring is Coming” concert and the excavation of the Manwoldae historical site. Third, the distribution of humanitarian aid is a public diplomacy effort that is often carried out by South Korea to North Korea.</p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><strong><em>—</em></strong> <em>Bilateral Relations, North Korea, Public Diplomacy, South Korea </em></p> 2023-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dampak Kebijakan Internment Camp China Terhadap Etnis Muslim Uighur dan Keamanan Xinjiang 2023-07-28T08:47:48+07:00 Lalu Dhiya Ditria Fadiyat Surya Subhan Setowara <p><em>Xinjiang is an autonomous region which are prone to terrorism and separatism. The Chinese government issued an internment camp policy as a form of separatism and terrorism prevention and safety for Xinjiang. The purpose of this study was to ascertain the impact of the internment camp policy on Xinjiang security and ethnic Uyghurs. Securitization is used to analyze the emergence of this policy, and one of the factor is the constructed threat created by the Chinese government. Using qualitative and descriptive method, it is known that almost all incidents were motivated by ethnicity and religion which led to the establishment of internment camps in Xinjiang. The policy aims to maintain the security of Xinjiang and also ensure that Uyghurs are not influenced by Islamic values. Another reason is because of the speech act by China about the dangers of terrorism and separatism carried out by Uyghurs. Consequently, China succeed securitizing Xinjiang, resulting&nbsp; Uyghurs detained in internment camps. The impact&nbsp; of the internment camp policy is that Xinjiang security is established, with the consequence of tight surveillance in the Xinjiang region to the extent of violating the privacy rights of the Uyghurs.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><strong><em>—</em></strong><em>China, Security, Securitization,</em> <em>Uighurs</em><em>,</em><em> Xinjiang</em></p> 2023-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Upaya Peningkatan Keamanan Siber Indonesia oleh Badan Siber dan Sandi Negara (BSSN) Tahun 2017-2020 2023-07-28T08:47:48+07:00 Agus Haryanto Satya Muhammad Sutra <p><em>&nbsp;</em> <em>This research analyzes about the strategy carried out by the National Cyber and Crypto Agency (BSSN) as the national cybersecurity institute. In this research, the author utilizes the Theory of Securitization and The Concept of Cybersecurity. Based on the data obtained, BSSN was formed by the Presidential Regulation on BSSN which state that BSSN is tasked with implementing cybersecurity effectively and efficiently by utilizing, developing and consolidating all parties related to cybersecurity. BSSN used the Global Cybersecurity Index framework to improve the national cybersecurity capability. The GCI measures the commitment of countries in cybersecurity according to the five pillars: </em><em>legal measures</em><em>, </em><em>technical measures, organizational measures</em><em>, </em><em>capacity development</em><em>, </em><em>and cooperative measures. The strategy of BSSN is expected to be able to face the problems and challenges in the present and future era.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><strong><em>—</em></strong>&nbsp;<em>Cybersecurity, </em><em>Global Cybersecurity Index, Indonesia, the National Cyber and Crypto Agency</em></p> 2023-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Economic Interdependence between Norway and The European Union Compared to Switzerland and The European Union 2023-07-28T08:47:47+07:00 Emy Sri Reskiyah <p><em>Norway and Switzerland have a history of being part of the European Union (EU) and eventually opting out. Though, as a part of the European Economic Area allows Norway to integrate and participate with the EU’s single market. Similarly, Switzerland can participate in and access the European single market through a set of bilateral agreements with the EU. Consequently, both countries must accept a set of rules by the EU. This paper aims to compare and examine the bilateral relations maintained between Norway and the EU compared to Switzerland and the EU in the field of economic cooperation namely the trade and investment sectors in the aftermath of the financial crisis. This paper incorporates two types of analysis. The first part uses quantitative methods of descriptive statistical analysis and is followed by strength, weakness, opportunities, and threat (SWOT) analysis. This paper demonstrates that the bilateral relations between Norway and the EU as well as for Switzerland and the EU have created conditions of interdependence for both the EU and its partners, namely, Norway and Switzerland. </em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><strong><em>—</em></strong> <em>European Union, Interdependence, Norway, Switzerland</em></p> 2023-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Analisis Pelanggaran Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM) Dalam Sengketa Wilayah Perbatasan Kashmir 2023-07-28T08:47:47+07:00 Khairur Rizki Namira Risqi Putri Muquita <p><em>This paper aims to show human rights violations that occurred in the Kashmir border area. Kashmir is a disputed area in South Asia between India and Pakistan. The dispute occurred due to complex historical factors that led to conflict between the Indian government and the Kashmiri Muslim community. For Kashmiri Muslims, the Kashmir region is not only a place of origin but also representing social structure and identity. The escalation of the conflict also triggering persecution toward Kashmiri Muslims led to protests in various forms. Protests and demonstrations were also carried out because of the many human rights violations committed by the Indian government against the Kashmiri Muslim community. Human rights violations also continue to occur to the Kashmiri community who protest. This paper uses one theory and one concept, the conflict theory by Karl Marx to explain the conflicts that occurred and the concept of Human Rights to analyze the various human rights violations that occurred. The results of this study indicate that the Kashmiri Muslim community has experienced various human rights violations committed by the Indian authorities.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><strong><em>: </em></strong><em>Conflict, Human Rights Violation, India, Kashmir, Pakistan</em></p> 2023-04-30T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##